IMPROVED METROLOGY INFRASTRUCTURES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY INDUSTRY IN TANZANIA : PERSPECTIVES FROM THE DISCOVERY OF NATURAL GAS
Keywords:Metrology Infrastructure, National Quality Infrastructure, Natural gas, Energy and Economy.
AbstractThe growing importance of the natural gas market domestically and internationally creates an urgent need to build a metrology infrastructure to provide industry and society with accurate and reliable measurements. This study has contributed to that goal. The paper examined the core significance of metrology infrastructure in the development of energy sector and its roles in the economy development in Tanzania. The areas examined are the national metrology policy in comparison with international framework, integration of metrology legislation in energy sector and traceability framework. The investigation was performed through a thorough survey which was conducted to the Tanzanian metrology institutes which is the Tanzania Bureau of Standard (TBS) and the Weights and Measures Agency (WMA), the Tanzania Petroleum Development Cooperation (TPDC), testing and calibration laboratories, through interview and questioner. The paper established that a less than 30% metrological control in the energy sector has been implemented like the verification of electrical meter, natural gas meters and petroleum meters. This might deny the fair trade, restrain transparency in energy transaction and hinder the removal of barriers to trade especially in the natural gas. Some improvements should be made in the national metrology infrastructure to foster the growth of natural gas sector
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